Assessing water quality of drinking water distribution system in the South Taiwan

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Journal: Environ Monit Assess 2007/02/13
Published: 2007
Authors: Lou, J. C.;Han, J. Y.
Address: Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan. loujc@mail.nsysu.edu.tw

This investigation conducted a full-scale survey the drinking water distribution system in Kaohsiung city, Taiwan. The aim was to investigate whether the distribution system was capable of maintaining high water quality from the water treatment facilities through to the end user. The results showed that the distribution system can maintain high water quality, except for suitable chlorine residuals. The authors plotted chlorine residual contour maps to identify areas with low chlorine residuals, helping them prioritize sections that must be flushed or renewal. The contour maps also provide sufficient and clear information for locating booster chlorination stations. Contour maps enable water facilities to identify how water quality decays in the distribution systems and the locations of such decay. Water quality decay can be caused by properties of pipeline materials, hydraulic conditions, and/or biofilm thickness. However, understanding the exact reasons is unnecessary because the contour maps provide sufficient information for trouble-shooting the distribution systems.

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